@SounDoer：来自 A Sound Effect 的文章，采访了影片《Dunkirk》的音效剪辑指导 Richard King，有关飞机、船舰和水声等音效的设计。
Behind the Spectacular Sound of Dunkirk – with Richard King
- 影片的声音后期制作在 Warner Bros. Sound 完成。Richard King 已经与导演 Christopher Nolan 合作过六部影片。
- Joshua Levine’s ‘Voices of Dunkirk’, which presents a kaleidoscopic view of the events through firsthand accounts. They often had fresh, interesting descriptions of the way certain things sounded and clearly these sounds made an impact on them. There were descriptions of bombs going off, of ships sinking, and of the Stuka sirens on the German dive bombers.
- These descriptions were inspiring because not only were they real, but they provided fresh insight and perspectives on the sound. They talked about sound in unexpected ways sometimes. We wanted to create a sound track that was historically accurate, while at the same time making an awesome, exciting movie. Using these firsthand accounts was my way into creating unique perspectives on situations that we all think we’re familiar with but mostly through other war films. #声音的设计参考了许多一手资料。
- The first thing I like to do is record the real thing, to record the real sound, because often that is the best solution. But there are no Stukas left in the world. There aren’t even plans or drawings showing how the sirens were built. All of that was destroyed by the Allies to inhibit potential German war-making plans in the future. There are historical recordings of Stukas that date before the war and that sound has been recycled over the generations for movies and TV shows. It’s often used as the classic dive bomber sound, or plane crashing sound, or for an anvil dropping on Wile E. Coyote’s head. Even though that recording is pre-war, probably recorded by German newsreel crews for propaganda purposes, it’s out there in the culture and most everyone has heard that sound. I wanted to give a nod to that original sound, but I wanted to make a high fidelity version of it. I wanted our sound to have the same intensity and the same horrific, apocalyptic quality that the Stuka siren seemed to have had. It was a long journey figuring out how to make that sound. Eventually, I built an electric-driven siren inside of a 30-gallon steel drum and clamped resonators to it. We took it out into the desert and recorded it. The recordings have the siren sound ricocheting around the hills and that adds another quality to the sound. #关于如何制作 Stuka Ju 87 俯冲轰炸机的声音。不想使用已经被用烂的、来自史实资料的声音，也没有遗留下来的战机可供录音，所以就自己制作了一个装置来模拟。
- We recorded a lot of underwater screams and fire hoses for the high-intensity water sounds. We also recorded garden hoses for the water streaming into the trawler, as the soldiers are trying to plug the holes with their fingers. We recorded sounds of sloshing water. We recorded giant waves for when they are below deck and get struck by the torpedo and water rushes in. #录制了各种水声。
- We spent a lot of time recording boats, the wake of boats, and the movement of boats through water along with boat engines. We scoured Europe for boats because we wanted older diesel boats that they would have used in Europe in the 1930s. Most of the pre-war boats in the States had gas engines and we wanted to have those small diesel motors instead. I have friends in Europe who looked all over for older boats that people have properly maintained. We recorded boats in Sweden, England, and Finland.
The planes were also recorded in Europe. We recorded three different Spitfires and a British Blenheim bomber in England and in Sweden they recorded the German ME-109 fighter.
#去 Sweden、England 和 Finland 录制了当时欧洲常见的小船的声音，以及 Spitfires、British Blenheim Bomber 和 German ME-109 Fighter 等飞机的声音。
来自 Film4 对导演 Christopher Nolan 的一段采访视频：
Christopher Nolan on Dunkirk | Interview Special | Film4
Director Christopher Nolan gives us an in-depth look at the way he planned his intense World War II dramatic-thriller Dunkirk
SounDoer– Focus On Sound Design